Imaging the Universe

 M51 Galaxy

This latest images to the previous one that I did back in 2016 has a major different in the Telescope and CCD camera I used.

Explaining a bit more about M51, also known as the Whirlpool Galaxy, is a grand design spiral galaxy located in the constellation of Canes Venatici. It's one of the most famous galaxies in the sky, appearing face-on when viewed from Earth. M51 has a much smaller dwarf companion, known as NGC 5195, and together they form the finest and most studied example of an interacting galaxy pair in the sky.



This image taken with my large telescope the Officina Stellar 10" , with large format FLI 16803 CCD. Over 25 hours of exposure.

The image has 1200sec x 20 (RGB each) , plus 1200 x 10 Darks with flats and Bias.







The Whirlpool Galaxy-NGC 5149

This Galaxy is one of the most spectacular example of a spiral galaxy. With two spiral arms into ne another in a billowing swirl. Its composed of hundred of billions star, this galaxy is about 30 million light years from Earth.




NGC2174 The Monkey Head Nebula in SHO (Sulfur, Hydrogen, and Oxygen gases)

NGC2174 is an HII emission nebula in the constellation Orion and is associated with the open star cluster NGC2175. It is estimated to be located about 6,400 light-years away from Earth.
I took this object image way back in 2017 which I have now reprocessed in Pixinsight using SHO workflow, and retouched in Photoshop using High Dynamic Range for the color mix.









IC 443


The time taken for this image is nearly 7 hours using ASI 1600mm camera, the original images was full of stars covering the entire object IC443 (top image). To be able to remove the stars was difficult as there were 1300 stars, I used Pixinsight Starnet+++ script with 35% reduction, but the red channel became weak, so I had to extract this channel and replaced it with HA channel.


IC 443 is a galactic supernova remnant in the constellation Gemini. On the plane of the sky, it is located near the star Eta Geminorum. Its distance is roughly 5,000 light years from Earth. IC 443 may be the remains of a supernova that occurred 3,000 - 30,000 years ago.
































The Triangulum Galaxy, 

also known as Messier 33 (M33), is a spiral galaxy in Triangulum constellation It lies at an approximate distance of 3 million light years from Earth and has a diameter of about 50,000 light years.
M33 is believed to contain 40 billion stars. Taken from my Observatory in Spain. 7 hours of exposure.




















Orion Nebula, 

(catalog numbers NGC 1976 and M 42), bright diffuse nebula, faintly visible to the unaided eye in the sword of the hunter’s figure in the constellation Orion. The nebula lies about 1,350 light-years from Earth and contains hundreds of very hot (O-type) young stars clustered about a nexus of four massive stars known as the Trapezium. Taken with Takahashi 106, 7hrs of exposure.








NGC6997




NGC6997 in Ha Color

 Technical card

Imaging telescope or lens:Takahashi CCA250Imaging camera:FLI PL16803Mount:10Micron 2000 HPS GM2000Guiding telescope or lens:Takahashi CCA250Guiding camera:Starlight Xpress Lodestar x2Software:PixInsight 1.8.6 Ripley pixinsightFilters:Astrodon 3nm SII 3nm,  Astrodon 3nm OII 3nm,  Astrodon 3nm Ha 3nmAccessory:Pegasus Astro Pocket Powerbox Hub USBResolution: 4045x3845Dates:Aug. 30, 2019Frames: 140x120"Integration: 4.7 hoursAvg. Moon age: 0.08 daysAvg. Moon phase: 0.01%Astrometry.net job: 2895026RA center: 314.112 degreesDEC center: 44.206 degreesPixel scale: 1.489 arcsec/pixelOrientation: 271.900 degreesField radius: 1.154 degreesLocations: Charles Duarte, Istan, Malaga, SpainData source: Backyard





















IC434 in Colour

I am using CCDstack for calibration with RegiStar to align the calibrated, Registered and Normalization colour images. I completed the process by going into Pixinsight for Background normalization and colour balance.







IC434





 Technical card

Imaging telescope or lens:Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Guiding telescope or lens:Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Resolution: 2636x2010
Frames: 10x1200"
Integration: 3.3 hours
Avg. Moon age: 13.36 days
Avg. Moon phase: 97.79%
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain
Data source: Backyard

 Description

IC434, this massive Ha area expands through-out the entire region. I am using 10 images with Ha filter 3nm, with 1200 sec per frame. I am using SGP , with PDH2 and Plateslove2 , the 10Micron mount acting on a 15 points mapping plus another 65 points model using Mountwizzard3.
This is my second real test on this combination of software /hardware and the results are excellent, for registration etc I am using CCDstack2, and Photoshop for processing the image.

















M106


Moon Video









IC 1795

M13




 

Technical card

Resolution: 1768x1469
DatesJune 17, 2016
Frames: 12x600"
Integration: 2.0 hours
Avg. Moon age: 11.56 days
Avg. Moon phase: 88.82%
Astrometry.net job1201357

 Description

M13 mainly RBG 1x1 600 x 4 for each color, Dark 600 x 12, 40 Bias, 40 Fltas for each color







NGC6823 in Narrowband




Contains: NGC 6823NGC 6820

 Technical card

Resolution: 2343x1905
DatesJune 17, 2016
Frames: 12x1200"
Integration: 4.0 hours
Avg. Moon age: 11.56 days
Avg. Moon phase: 88.82%
Astrometry.net job1135846
RA center: 295.944 degrees
DEC center: 23.110 degrees
Pixel scale: 1.764 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 90.948 degrees
Field radius: 0.740 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain


M101 

Using QSI 632 camera for this image 




NGC 5194 Color







NGC 5194 Mono






 Technical card

Imaging telescope or lens: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Imaging camera: QSI 632 wsg QSI
Guiding telescope or lens: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Filter: Astrodon LRGB
Resolution: 1515x1116
DatesFeb. 26, 2016
Frames: 10x600"
Integration: 1.7 hours
Avg. Moon age: 17.71 days
Avg. Moon phase: 90.53%
RA center: 202.498 degrees
DEC center: 47.213 degrees
Pixel scale: 2.642 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 94.947 degrees





NGC2306




NGC2246

The Christmas Tree Nebula


Card

Imaging telescope or lens: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Imaging camera: QSI 632 wsg QSI
Guiding telescope or lens: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Resolution: 1472x2154
DatesFeb. 5, 2016
Frames: 6x900"
Integration: 1.5 hours
Avg. Moon age: 25.74 days
Avg. Moon phase: 15.38%
RA center: 100.240 degrees
DEC center: 9.885 degrees
Pixel scale: 2.642 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: -175.766 degrees
Field radius: 0.957 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain












IC444



The Rossetti Nebula


NGC 2244



IC443

IC 443 (also known as the Jellyfish Nebula and Sharpless 248). I bit more of raw frames used, mainly narrowbands.


Final Image using HLRGB

Using RGB



NGC3031

M81, Bode's Galaxy (also known as NGC 3031) is a spiral galaxy located 12 million light years away in the constellation Ursa Major (Great Bear). It is the prototype of starburst galaxy, being characterized by a high rate of star formation in the center, apparently caused by a gravitational interaction causes between two and a half billion years with neighboring M82 (not shown here).


IC443


IC 443 H-Alpha

 Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Software: CCDStack,  Photoshop C6,  The SkyX Pro
Resolution: 2750x2200
DatesDec. 4, 2015
Frames: 25x900"
Integration: 6.2 hours
Avg. Moon age: 22.74 days
Avg. Moon phase: 43.71%
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain










NGC2174




 Technical card
Resolution: 2498x1900
DatesNov. 6, 2015
Frames: 25x900"
Integration: 6.2 hours
Avg. Moon age: 24.38 days
Avg. Moon phase: 27.11%
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain













IC1405



M45

With Stars development



Without Stars touching


The Pleiades star cluster – M45

 

Technical card




Resolution: 2502x1904
DatesNov. 18, 2015
Frames: 28x1000"
Integration: 7.8 hours
Avg. Moon age: 6.06 days
Avg. Moon phase: 36.16%
RA center: 56.522 degrees
DEC center: 24.164 degrees
Pixel scale: 1.764 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: -174.807 degrees
Field radius: 0.770 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain
















NGC2175

NGC2175 -The Monkeys Head

Contains: NGC 2175, NGC 2174

Technical card

Imaging cameras: Starlight Xpress Trius SX-694
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Software: FocusMaxCCD Autopilot 5Photoshop C6The SkyX Pro

Resolution: 2750x2200
Dates: Nov. 17, 2015
Frames: Astrodon 3nm H-Alpha Narrowband Filter: 24x600" -30C bin 1x1
Integration: 4.0 hours
Darks: ~20
Flats: ~30
Bias: ~30
Avg. Moon age: 5.05 days
Avg. Moon phase: 26.19%
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 4.00
Mean FWHM: 2.23
Temperature: 10.00
RA center: 92.330 degrees
DEC center: 20.646 degrees
Pixel scale: 1.764 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 5.227 degrees
Field radius: 0.863 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain

M1




 Technical card

DatesNov. 7, 2015
Frames: 15x600"
Integration: 2.5 hours
Avg. Moon age: 25.27 days
Avg. Moon phase: 19.16%
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain





































IC1396




IC1396 (Ha)

Contains: IC 1396

Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Lodestar x2

Resolution: 2184x1432
Frames: IDAS Light Pollution IDAS LPS P2 - 1,25": 25x900" -25C bin 1x1
Integration: 6.2 hours
Darks: ~20
Flats: ~30
Bias: ~30
Avg. Moon age: 4.23 days
Avg. Moon phase: 18.89%
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 4.00
Mean FWHM: 1.96
Temperature: 16.00
RA center: 324.433 degrees
DEC center: 57.513 degrees
Pixel scale: 2.636 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: -96.719 degrees
Field radius: 0.957 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain


M33 -Galaxy




 Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Lodestar x2
Filters: Astrodon LRGB
Resolution: 2224x1736
DatesNov. 6, 2015
FramesIDAS Light Pollution IDAS LPS P2 - 1,25": 24x600" -30C bin 1x1
Integration: 4.0 hours
Darks: ~12
Flats: ~30
Bias: ~30
Avg. Moon age: 24.38 days
Avg. Moon phase: 27.11%
Bortle Dark-Sky Scale: 2.00
Mean FWHM: 2.24
Temperature: 11.00
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain















NGC6618




NGC6618 Mono

Contains: Omega nebulaM 17NGC 6618

 Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Imaging cameras: QSI 632 wsg QSI
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Resolution: 1844x1372
DatesJuly 3, 2015
Frames: 30x900"
Integration: 7.5 hours
Avg. Moon age: 15.73 days
Avg. Moon phase: 98.94%
RA center: 275.221 degrees
DEC center: -16.112 degrees
Pixel scale: 2.641 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 86.305 degrees
Field radius: 0.843 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain

























M52 Bubble Nebula (color)


M52 Bubble Nebula



 Technical card

Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Imaging cameras: QSI 632 wsg QSI
Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Lodestar x2
Resolution: 2184x1338
DatesAug. 7, 2015
Frames: 10x900"
Integration: 2.5 hours





















M101

Taken mid April 2015 from South Spain, I used LRGB channel. 12 x 300sec L, 20 x 600 RGB each.




M57





Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Imaging cameras: QSI 632 wsg QSI
Guiding telescopes or lenses: Takahashi 60mm 60 mm Guiderscope
Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Lodestar x2
Resolution: 544x405
DatesSept. 4, 2015
Frames: 20x300"
Integration: 1.7 hours
Avg. Moon age: 20.68 days
Avg. Moon phase: 65.37%
RA center: 283.394 degrees
DEC center: 33.028 degrees
Pixel scale: 3.010 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 84.105 degrees
Field radius: 0.249 degrees
Locations: Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain






















California Nebula
Ha Filter 3nm, 4 x 600sec 1x1

The California Nebula is a faint emission nebula in the constellation Perseus. It lies at a distance of about 1500 light years in the Orion Arm of the Milky Way Galaxy and is about 100 light years in length. The name of the nebula is attributed to the resemblance of its shape to the State of California. This cloud of gas glows in the red light characteristic of ionized hydrogen as it recombines with lost electrons. Wide Angle of California Nebula shows a lower power view of this object.



IC1805 Nebula - Mono







IC1805 - Heart Nebula






Resolution: 2750x2200
DatesSept. 9, 2015
Frames: 30x600"
Integration: 5.0 hours
Avg. Moon age: 25.63 days
Avg. Moon phase: 16.26%
Locations: Gibraltar Eastside  & Home Permanent Pier , Manilva, Malaga, Spain


















NGC7000



Imaging telescopes or lenses: Takahashi FSQ 106ED f/3,6
Guiding cameras: Starlight Xpress Lodestar x2
RA center: 314.837 degrees
DEC center: 44.498 degrees
Pixel scale: 2.638 arcsec/pixel
Orientation: 83.270 degrees









M15 Globular Star Cluster



M15 Globular Star Cluster
Constellation: Pegasus
Imaging Date: 15-05-15
Seeing Conditions: Good, Windy
Telescope: Takahashi FSQ-106ED (Q)
Mount: Astro-Physics 1100GTO
Imager: QSI632 wsg in Normal Mode
Exposure: 1x 300sec + 5 x 300sec, Tracking
LRGB combined, Dark 2 x 300sec
Processing Notes: MaximDL, CCD Stack for stacking, calibration and colour registration, DDP and sharpness. No Photoshop



M27





The Dumbbell Nebular or M27

Constellation: Vulpecula
Imaging Date: 15-05-15
Seeing Conditions: Good
Telescope: Takahashi FSQ-106ED (Q)
Mount: Astro-Physics 1100GTO
Imager: QSI632 wsg in Normal Mode
Exposure: 4x 600sec + 2 x 300sec, Tracking
LRGB combined, Dark 12
 x 60sec  

Bias 30

Processing Notes: MaximDL, CCD Stack for stacking, calibration and colour registration, DDP and sharpness. Photoshop for star rounding and reduction








Changing times, now with a permanent mount and about 200 feet higher in altitude, Great mount and equipment 







2013 -2014


Imaging when I used to have a ALT-AZM Celestron Mount


Imaging underway

Night Imaging











 

2013 Planets Imaging 
















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